Application of the Act (CTA)

From Caselaw.Ninja

Commercial Tenancies Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L.7[1]

1 In this Act,

“crops” means all sorts of grain, grass, hay, hops, fruits, pulse and other products of the soil; (“récoltes”)
“landlord” includes a person who is lessor, owner, the person giving or permitting the occupation of the premises in question, and these persons’ heirs and assigns and legal representatives, and in Parts II and III also includes the person entitled to possession of the premises; (“locateur”)
“spouse” means a person,
(a) to whom the person is married, or
(b) with whom the person is living in a conjugal relationship outside marriage, if the two persons,
(i) have cohabited for at least one year,
(ii) are together the parents of a child, or
(iii) have together entered into a cohabitation agreement under section 53 of the Family Law Act; (“conjoint”)
“standing crops” means crops standing or growing on the demised premises; (“récoltes sur pied”)
“tenant” includes a person who is lessee, occupant, sub-tenant, under-tenant, and the person’s assigns and legal representatives. (“locataire”)

2 This Act does not apply to tenancies and tenancy agreements to which the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 applies. 1997, c. 24, s. 213 (3); 2006, c. 17, s. 247.

2.1 This Act does not apply with respect to a property in which the Crown in right of Ontario has an interest if one of the following circumstances applies in respect of the property:

1. The property was forfeited to the Crown in right of Ontario under any Ontario statute or the Criminal Code (Canada).
2. Possession of the property has been or may be taken in the name of the Crown in right of Ontario under the Escheats Act, 2015.
3. The property is forfeited corporate property to which the Forfeited Corporate Property Act, 2015 applies. 2015, c. 38, Sched. 7, s. 46.

3 The relation of landlord and tenant does not depend on tenure, and a reversion in the lessor is not necessary in order to create the relation of landlord and tenant, or to make applicable the incidents by law belonging to that relation; nor is it necessary, in order to give a landlord the right of distress, that there is an agreement for that purpose between the parties. R.S.O. 1990, c. L.7, s. 3.


15 Where a valid power of leasing is vested in, or may be exercised by, a person granting a lease, and, by reason of the determination of the estate or interest of such person or otherwise, the lease cannot have effect and continuance according to the terms thereof independently of such power, the lease shall for the purposes of sections 11 to 14 be deemed to be granted in the intended exercise of such power although such power is not referred to in the lease. R.S.O. 1990, c. L.7, s. 15.



  1. 1.0 1.1 Commercial Tenancies Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L.7, <>, reterived September 22, 2020