Appeal Deadlines (General)

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The Notice of Appeal

R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194: RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

61.04 (1) An appeal to an appellate court shall be commenced by serving a notice of appeal (Form 61A or 61A.1) together with the certificate required by subrule 61.05 (1), within 30 days after the making of the order appealed from, unless a statute or these rules provide otherwise,

(a) on every party whose interest may be affected by the appeal, subject to subrule (1.1); and
(b) on any person entitled by statute to be heard on the appeal. O. Reg. 14/04, s. 31; O. Reg. 536/18, s. 2 (1).


(1.1) The notice of appeal and certificate need not be served on,
(a) a defendant who was noted in default; or
(b) a respondent who has not delivered a notice of appearance, unless the respondent was heard at the hearing with leave. O. Reg. 14/04, s. 31.

61.05 (1) In order to minimize the number of documents and the length of the transcript required for an appeal, the appellant shall serve and file, with proof of service, with the notice of appeal an appellant’s certificate respecting evidence (Form 61C) setting out only the portions of the evidence that, in the appellant’s opinion, are required for the appeal. O. Reg. 570/98, s. 5; O. Reg. 82/17, s. 8 (1).

(2) Within fifteen days after service of the appellant’s certificate, the respondent shall serve on the appellant, and file with proof of service, a respondent’s certificate respecting evidence (Form 61D), confirming the appellant’s certificate or setting out any additions to or deletions from it. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194, r. 61.05 (2); O. Reg. 82/17, s. 8 (2).

Amendments or Changes to the Appeal

R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194: RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

61.08 (1) The notice of appeal or cross-appeal may be amended without leave, before the appeal is perfected, by serving on each of the parties on whom the notice was served a supplementary notice of appeal or cross-appeal (Form 61F) and filing it with proof of service. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194, r. 61.08 (1).

(2) No grounds other than those stated in the notice of appeal or cross-appeal or supplementary notice may be relied on at the hearing, except with leave of the court hearing the appeal. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194, r. 61.08 (2).
(3) No relief other than that sought in the notice of appeal or cross-appeal or supplementary notice may be sought at the hearing, except with the leave of the court hearing the appeal. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194, r. 61.08 (3).

Perfecting the Appeal

R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194: RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

61.09 (1) The appellant shall perfect the appeal by complying with subrules (2) and (3),

(a) where no transcript of evidence is required for the appeal, within thirty days after filing the notice of appeal; or
(b) where a transcript of evidence is required for the appeal, within 60 days after receiving notice that the evidence has been transcribed. R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194, r. 61.09 (1); O. Reg. 570/98, s. 6 (1).

61.12 (1) Every respondent shall,

(a) serve on every other party to the appeal,
(i) a typed or printed copy of the respondent’s factum, and
(ii) the respondent’s compendium;
(b) file with the Registrar, with proof of service,
(i) three typed or printed copies of the respondent’s factum, and where the appeal is to be heard by five judges, two additional copies, and
(ii) three copies of the respondent’s compendium, and where the appeal is to be heard by five judges, two additional copies; and
(c) file with the Registrar an electronic version of the respondent’s factum. O. Reg. 19/03, s. 17.

Respondents Deadlines

R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194: RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

61.04 (5) The appellant shall within thirty days after filing the notice of appeal file proof that the appellant has ordered a transcript of all oral evidence that the parties have not agreed to omit, subject to any direction under subrule 61.09 (4) (relief from compliance). R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194, r. 61.05 (5).

61.12 (2) The respondent’s factum and compendium shall be delivered within 60 days after service of the appeal book and compendium, exhibit book, transcript of evidence, if any, and appellant’s factum. O. Reg. 19/03, s. 17.