Objectives of Paralegal Education Programs:
a paralegal educational program shall maintain a rigorous program of legal education that prepares its students, upon graduation, for the provision of legal services and for effective, ethical, and responsible participation as members of the legal profession.
- A paralegal educational program shall establish learning outcomes that shall, at a minimum, include competency in the following:
- Knowledge and understanding of substantive and procedural law;
- Legal analysis and reasoning, legal research, problem-solving, and written and oral communication in the legal context;
- Exercise of proper professional and ethical responsibilities to clients and the legal system; and
- Other professional skills needed for competent and ethical participation as a member of the legal profession.
- A paralegal educational program shall offer a curriculum that requires each student to satisfactorily complete at least the following:
- Provide a student with a general knowledge of the structure of the Canadian government and political system.
- Provide a student with an overview of the organization of the Canadian court system.
- Provide a student with a general knowledge of the structure of the Canadian legal system, including an explanation of civil law and common law.
- Provide a student with an understanding of what defines private law, public law, procedural law, and substantive law
- Provide a student with an overview and explanation of commonly used legal terminology.
- Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the meaning and application of jurisdiction.
- Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982.
- Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the Charter and its application.
- Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of property law, including real property – interests in land, systems of land registration, mortgages; intellectual property; negotiable instruments; Personal Property Security Act
- Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of business law, including corporations, partnerships, and sole proprietorships, and the advantages and disadvantages of each; registration of businesses.
- Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of consumer law, including the Competition Act; Consumer Protection Act, 2002; Sale of Goods Act; Food and Drugs Act; Repair and Storage Liens Act.
- Provide a student with a sufficient understanding of the special legal rights of the Indigenous Peoples in Canada and the reasons for those rights.
- Provide a student with a general introduction to theories and legal thought, specifically the development of why laws are made, how laws evolved, and how humans have evolved with those laws, with reference to Socrates, Hobbs, and Jordan.
- Provide a student with a general overview of logical fallacies and formal logic.
- Practicums must be primarily experiential in nature and must:
- provide no less than 480 hours of field instruction.
- integrate doctrine, theory, skills, and legal ethics, and engage students in the performance of one or more of the professional skills identified in an approved curriculum.
- develop the concepts underlying the professional skills being taught
- provide multiple opportunities for performance
- provide opportunities for student performance, self-evaluation, and feedback from a faculty member, or, for a field placement, a site supervisor;
- provide a classroom instructional component; or, for a field placement, a classroom instructional component, regularly scheduled tutorials, or other means of ongoing, contemporaneous, faculty-guided reflection; and
- provide direct supervision of the student’s performance by the faculty member; or, for a field placement, provide direct supervision of the student’s performance by a faculty member or a site supervisor.
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